The General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Establishing and Improving the Value Realization Mechanism of Ecological Products"

Release Time:

2023-05-13 09:50

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, April 26. Recently, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Establishing and Improving the Value Realization Mechanism of Ecological Products" and issued a notice, requiring all regions and departments to implement it conscientiously in light of their actual conditions.

The full text of the "Opinions on Establishing and Improving the Value Realization Mechanism of Ecological Products" is as follows.

Establishing and improving the value realization mechanism of ecological products is an important measure to implement Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought, a key path to practice the concept that green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, and it is a way to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities in the field of ecological environment from the source It is an inevitable requirement and is of great significance to promote the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development. In order to accelerate the establishment and improvement of the value realization mechanism of ecological products, and embark on a new path of ecological priority and green development, the following opinions are hereby offered.

1. General requirements

(1) Guiding ideology. Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, fully implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Party and the Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Plenary Sessions of the 19th Central Committee, thoroughly implement Xi Jinping's thought on ecological civilization, and follow the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council , coordinate and promote the overall layout of "five in one", coordinate and promote the strategic layout of "four comprehensive", based on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, adhere to the concept that green water and lush mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, and insist on protecting the ecological environment It is to protect productivity and improve the ecological environment, which is to develop productivity. With system and mechanism reform and innovation as the core, promote ecological industrialization and industrial ecologicalization, and accelerate the improvement of government-led, enterprise and social participation, market-oriented operation, and sustainable ecological product value realization. We will focus on building a policy system that transforms green water and lush mountains into golden mountains and silver mountains, and promote the formation of a new model of ecological civilization construction with Chinese characteristics.

(2) Working principles

——Give priority to protection and rational utilization. Respect nature, conform to nature, protect nature, guard the boundaries of natural ecological security, completely abandon the practice of sacrificing the ecological environment for economic growth at one time and one place, adhere to the basis of ensuring the recuperation of the natural ecosystem, increase the value of natural capital, and increase the value of ecological products.

——Government-led and market-operated. Fully consider the value realization paths of different ecological products, focus on giving full play to the leading role of the government in system design, economic compensation, performance appraisal and creating a social atmosphere, give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, and promote the effective transformation of the value of ecological products.

——Systematic planning and steady progress. Adhere to the system concept, do a good job in the top-level design, first establish the mechanism, and then push it out on a pilot basis. According to the difficulty of realizing the value of various ecological products, implement policies in different categories, adapt measures to local conditions, and promote various tasks step by step.

——Support innovation and encourage exploration. Carry out policy and system innovation experiments, allow trial and error, timely error correction, and tolerance of failure, protect the enthusiasm for reform, break the deep-seated bottleneck constraints under the current institutional framework, promptly summarize and promote typical cases and experience, and form a demonstration effect from point to point to ensure the success of reform experiments. effective.

(3) Strategic Orientation

——Cultivate new impetus for high-quality economic development. Actively provide more high-quality ecological products to meet the people's growing needs for a beautiful ecological environment, deepen structural reforms on the supply side of ecological products, continuously enrich the value realization paths of ecological products, and cultivate new business models and models for green transformation and development, so that a good ecological environment becomes an economic Strong support for the sustainable and healthy development of society.

—— Shaping a new pattern of coordinated development between urban and rural areas. Accurate docking, better meeting the people's differentiated needs for a better life, driving the vast rural areas to take advantage of ecological advantages to get rich locally and nearby, forming a healthy development mechanism, so that the areas that provide ecological products and the areas that provide agricultural products, industrial products, and service products are basically in sync. Modernization is realized, and the people enjoy a basically equivalent standard of living.

——Leading the new trend of protecting and restoring the ecological environment. Establish an interest-oriented mechanism in which ecological environment protectors benefit, users pay, and destroyers compensate, so that all parties can truly realize that green water and lush mountains are invaluable assets, and force and guide the formation of an economic development model and economic structure based on green , Encourage localities to improve the supply capacity and level of ecological products, create a good atmosphere for all parties to participate in the protection and restoration of the ecological environment, and enhance the awareness of thinking and action in protecting and restoring the ecological environment.

——Create a new plan for the harmonious coexistence of man and nature. Through system and mechanism reform and innovation, we will take the lead in blazing a Chinese path in which ecological environmental protection and economic development are mutually reinforcing and mutually reinforcing, and better demonstrate China's responsibility as a major country as an important participant, contributor, and leader in the construction of global ecological civilization. Provide Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions to the community and solve global environmental problems.

(4) Main objectives. By 2025, the institutional framework for the realization of the value of ecological products has been initially formed, a relatively scientific ecological product value accounting system has been initially established, the policy system for ecological protection compensation and ecological environmental damage compensation has been gradually improved, and the government assessment and evaluation mechanism for the realization of the value of ecological products has been initially formed. The problems of "difficult quantity, difficult mortgage, difficult transaction, difficult realization" of ecological products have been effectively resolved, the interest-oriented mechanism for protecting the ecological environment has basically been formed, and the ability to transform ecological advantages into economic advantages has been significantly enhanced. By 2035, a comprehensive ecological product value realization mechanism will be fully established, a new model of ecological civilization construction with Chinese characteristics will be fully formed, and green production and lifestyles will be widely formed, providing strong support for basically realizing the goal of building a beautiful China.

2. Establish an investigation and monitoring mechanism for ecological products

(5) Promote the confirmation and registration of natural resource rights. Improve the standardization of the registration system for the confirmation and registration of natural resource rights, advance the unified confirmation and registration of rights in an orderly manner, clearly define the subject of property rights of natural resource assets, and draw a clear line between ownership and use rights. Enrich the types of natural resource asset use rights, reasonably define the ownership of rights and responsibilities such as transfer, transfer, lease, mortgage, and shareholding, and rely on the unified registration of natural resources to clarify the ownership of rights and responsibilities of ecological products.

(6) Carry out a census of ecological product information. Based on the existing natural resources and ecological environment investigation and monitoring system, use grid monitoring methods to carry out the basic information investigation of ecological products, find out the quantity and quality of various ecological products, and form a list of ecological products. Establish a dynamic monitoring system for ecological products, track and grasp information such as the quantity distribution, quality level, functional characteristics, rights and interests, protection, development and utilization of ecological products in a timely manner, and establish an open and shared ecological product information cloud platform.

3. Establish an evaluation mechanism for the value of ecological products

(7) Establish an evaluation system for the value of ecological products. Aiming at the different paths for the realization of the value of ecological products, explore the establishment of an evaluation system for the total value of ecological products in administrative regional units and the value of ecological products in specific regional units. Consider the functional attributes of different types of ecosystems, reflect the quantity and quality of ecological products, and establish a statistical system for the total value of ecological products covering administrative regions at all levels. Explore the basic data of ecological product value accounting into the national economic accounting system. Consider the commodity attributes of different types of ecological products, establish a value accounting method that reflects the protection and development costs of ecological products, and explore the establishment of a price formation mechanism for ecological products that reflects the relationship between supply and demand in the market.

(8) Formulate the accounting standards for the value of ecological products. Encourage localities to carry out ecological value accounting focusing on the physical quantity of ecological products first, and then explore the economic value accounting of different types of ecological products through market transactions, economic compensation and other means, and gradually revise and improve the accounting methods. On the basis of summarizing the value accounting practices in various places, explore and formulate ecological product value accounting standards, clarify the ecological product value accounting indicator system, specific algorithms, data sources and statistical caliber, etc., and promote the standardization of ecological product value accounting.

(9) Promote the application of ecological product value accounting results. Promote the application of ecological product value accounting results in government decision-making and performance evaluation. Explore to take necessary compensation measures in combination with the physical quantity and value calculation results of ecological products when preparing various plans and implementing engineering projects to ensure that the value of ecological products is maintained and increased. Promote the application of ecological product value calculation results in ecological protection compensation, ecological environment damage compensation, operation and development financing, and ecological resource rights and interests transactions. Establish a release system for the value accounting results of ecological products, and timely evaluate the effectiveness of ecological protection and the value of ecological products in various places.

4. Improve the operation and development mechanism of ecological products

(10) Promoting the precise connection between supply and demand of ecological products. Promote the construction of ecological product trading centers, regularly hold ecological product promotion expos, organize online cloud trading and cloud investment promotion of ecological products, and promote efficient docking between suppliers and demanders, resource parties and investors of ecological products. Through channels such as the news media and the Internet, increase the promotion of ecological products, increase the social attention of ecological products, and expand the revenue and market share of business development. Strengthen and standardize platform management, give full play to the advantages of e-commerce platform resources and channels, and promote more high-quality ecological products to be traded in convenient channels and ways.

(11) Expand the value realization model of ecological products. Under the premise of strictly protecting the ecological environment, encourage the adoption of diversified models and paths, and scientifically and rationally promote the realization of the value of ecological products. Relying on the unique natural endowments of different regions, adopt original ecological planting and breeding models such as free-range breeding, self-propagation and self-cultivation, etc., to improve the value of ecological products. Scientifically use advanced technology to implement intensive processing, expand and extend the industrial chain and value chain of ecological products. Relying on natural background conditions such as clean water, clean air, and suitable climate, moderately develop environmentally sensitive industries such as the digital economy, clean medicine, and electronic components, and promote the transformation of ecological advantages into industrial advantages. Relying on the beautiful natural scenery and historical and cultural relics, we will introduce professional design and operation teams, and create an eco-tourism development model that integrates tourism, health care and leisure under the premise of minimizing human disturbance. Accelerate the cultivation of ecological product market management and development entities, encourage the revitalization of stock resources such as abandoned mines, industrial sites, and ancient villages, promote the centralized circulation and operation of relevant resource rights, and enhance the development value of education, culture and tourism by coordinating the implementation of ecological environment system improvement and supporting facility construction.

(12) Promote the value-added of ecological products. Encourage the creation of distinctive regional public brands of ecological products, incorporate various ecological products into the scope of brands, strengthen brand cultivation and protection, and increase the premium of ecological products. Establish and standardize the evaluation standards for ecological product certification, and build an ecological product certification system with Chinese characteristics. Promote international mutual recognition of ecological product certification. Establish an ecological product quality traceability mechanism, improve the supervision system for the entire process of ecological product transaction and circulation, promote the application of new technologies such as blockchain, and realize ecological product information query, quality traceability, and responsibility traceability. Encourage the linking of ecological environment protection and restoration with the rights and interests of ecological product operation and development, and allow the use of a certain proportion of land for social subjects who carry out comprehensive improvement of barren mountains and wasteland, black and odorous water bodies, and rocky desertification under the premise of ensuring ecological benefits and compliance with laws and regulations Develop ecological agriculture and ecotourism to gain benefits. Encourage the implementation of farmers' shareholding and dividend distribution mode to protect the interests of villagers participating in the operation and development of ecological products. For areas where the exploration of the value realization mechanism of ecological products is carried out, various measures are encouraged to increase support for the construction of necessary transportation, energy and other infrastructure and basic public service facilities.

(13) Promote the trading of ecological resource rights and interests. Encourage the use of government control or setting limits to explore methods such as greening increment responsibility index transactions and clear water increment responsibility index transactions, and carry out transactions of resource rights and interests such as forest coverage in a legal and compliant manner. Improve the carbon emission rights trading mechanism and explore pilot carbon sink rights and interests trading. Improve the system for the paid use of pollution emission rights, and expand the types of pollutants traded and the trading areas for pollution emission rights transactions. Explore the establishment of a trading mechanism for energy use rights. Explore the innovation and improvement of water rights trading mechanisms in key river basins such as the Yangtze River and the Yellow River.

V. Improving the Compensation Mechanism for Ecological Product Protection

(14) Improve the compensation system for vertical ecological protection. The central and provincial governments shall improve the allocation mechanism of transfer payment funds in key ecological function areas with reference to factors such as the value calculation results of ecological products and the area of the red line of ecological protection. Encourage local governments to coordinate transfer payment funds in the ecological field under the premise of laws and regulations, and support the construction of ecological product value realization projects based on the systematic protection and restoration of the ecological environment through the establishment of market-oriented industry development funds and other methods. Explore ways to expand ecological protection compensation funds through the issuance of corporate ecological bonds and social donations. Implement ecological compensation for residents in areas that mainly provide ecological products by setting up ecological public welfare posts that meet actual needs.

(15) Establish a horizontal ecological protection compensation mechanism. Encourage ecological product supply places and beneficiary places to carry out horizontal ecological protection compensation in accordance with the principle of voluntary consultation, comprehensively considering factors such as the value calculation results of ecological products, the physical quantity and quality of ecological products, and so on. Support the implementation of horizontal ecological protection compensation in eligible key river basins based on the monitoring results of water volume and water quality at entry and exit sections. Explore the compensation model for off-site development, establish cooperative parks between ecological product supply places and beneficiary places, and improve the benefit distribution and risk sharing mechanism.

(16) Improve the ecological environment damage compensation system. Promote the internalization of ecological and environmental damage costs, strengthen the implementation and supervision of ecological environmental restoration and damage compensation, improve the administrative law enforcement and judicial coordination mechanism for ecological environmental damage, and increase the cost of illegally destroying the ecological environment. Improve the charging mechanism for sewage and garbage treatment, and rationally formulate and adjust charging standards. Carry out ecological and environmental damage assessments, and improve ecological and environmental damage identification and assessment methods and implementation mechanisms.

6. Improve the guarantee mechanism for realizing the value of ecological products

(17) Establish an assessment mechanism for the value of ecological products. Explore the inclusion of the total value index of ecological products into the comprehensive performance evaluation of the high-quality development of party committees and governments in various provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central government). Promote the implementation of the cancellation of economic development index assessment in key ecological function areas that mainly provide ecological products, and focus on the evaluation of ecological product supply capacity, environmental quality improvement, and ecological protection effectiveness; timely implement economic development and ecological protection for other main functional areas. Product value "double assessment". Promote the use of ecological product value accounting results as an important reference for the departure audit of natural resource assets of leading cadres. For those who cause a serious decline in the total value of ecological products during their term of office, the relevant party and government leading cadres shall be held accountable in accordance with regulations and disciplines.

(18) Establish an interest-oriented mechanism for ecological and environmental protection. Explore the construction of an ecological credit system covering enterprises, social organizations and individuals, assign corresponding credits according to the contribution of ecological environmental protection, and provide ecological product preferential services and financial services according to the credit status. Guide all localities to establish a diversified funding mechanism, encourage social organizations to establish ecological public welfare funds, and work together to promote the realization of the value of ecological products. Strictly implement the "Environmental Protection Tax Law of the People's Republic of China" and promote resource tax reform. On the basis of compliance with relevant laws and regulations, explore and standardize land supply, and serve the sustainable operation and development of ecological products.

  

(19) Increase support for green finance. Encourage enterprises and individuals to carry out green credit business such as mortgages of water rights and forest rights and product order mortgages in accordance with laws and regulations, and explore the "ecological asset equity mortgage + project loan" model to support the improvement of the ecological environment and the development of green industries in the region. Explore the innovation of financial products such as ancient house loans in areas where conditions permit, and conduct capital financing in the form of storage, custody, etc., for the improvement of the surrounding ecological environment system, the rescue and renovation of ancient houses, and the development of rural leisure tourism. Encourage banking institutions to innovate financial products and services in accordance with the principles of marketization and the rule of law, increase support for medium and long-term loans to ecological product operators and developers, reasonably reduce financing costs, and improve the quality and efficiency of financial services. Encourage government financing guarantee institutions to provide financing guarantee services for qualified ecological product operation and development entities. Explore the path and mode of asset securitization of ecological products.

7. Establish a promotion mechanism for realizing the value of ecological products

(20) Strengthen organizational leadership. In accordance with the general requirements of central overall planning, provincial overall responsibility, and city and county implementation, establish a sound overall planning and coordination mechanism, and increase efforts to promote the realization of the value of ecological products. The National Development and Reform Commission has strengthened overall planning and coordination, and all relevant departments and units have divided their responsibilities, formulated and improved relevant supporting policies and systems, and formed an overall joint force to jointly promote the realization of the value of ecological products. Local party committees and governments at all levels must fully understand the significance of establishing and improving the value realization mechanism of ecological products, and take effective measures to ensure the precise implementation of various policies and systems.

(21) Promoting pilot demonstrations. At the national level, make overall plans to do a good job in pilot and demonstration work, select qualified areas across river basins, cross-administrative regions, and provinces, and carry out in-depth pilots of ecological product value realization mechanisms, focusing on ecological product value accounting, accurate supply and demand docking, and sustainable business development. Carry out practical explorations in areas such as protection, compensation, and assessment. Encourage all provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government) to actively try first, sum up successful experiences in a timely manner, and strengthen publicity and promotion. Select areas with remarkable results in the pilot program, and create a number of demonstration bases for the value realization mechanism of ecological products.

(22) Strengthen intellectual support. Relying on institutions of higher learning and scientific research institutions, strengthen the research on the reform and innovation of the value realization mechanism of ecological products, strengthen the construction of related majors and personnel training, and cultivate high-end think tanks across fields and disciplines. Organize international seminars and experience exchange forums, and carry out international cooperation in realizing the value of ecological products.

(23) Promote supervision and implementation. The advancement of the realization of the value of ecological products is an important reference for evaluating the party and government leadership and relevant leading cadres. Systematically sort out the current laws, regulations and departmental rules related to the realization of the value of ecological products, and make timely amendments and abolitions. The National Development and Reform Commission and relevant parties regularly evaluate the implementation of this opinion, and report major issues to the Party Central Committee and the State Council in a timely manner.



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