Xi Jinping's Special Address at the World Economic Forum's "Davos Agenda" Dialogue

Release Time:

2023-05-13 09:45

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, January 25th

Let the torch of multilateralism light the way forward for mankind

——Special speech at the World Economic Forum "Davos Agenda" Dialogue

(January 25, 2021, Beijing)

President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping

Dear Chairman Schwab,

Ladies and gentlemen, friends:

In the past year, the sudden outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic has ravaged the world, global public health is facing serious threats, the world economy has fallen into a deep recession, and mankind has experienced multiple crises that are rare in history.

This year, people from all over the world fought against the disease with great determination and courage. Relying on the power of science and rationality, they promoted the spirit of humanitarianism and achieved initial results in the global fight against the epidemic. Now, the epidemic is far from over, and there has been a rebound recently, and the fight against the epidemic is still continuing, but we firmly believe that the cold winter cannot stop the pace of spring, and the night cannot cover the dawn of dawn. Mankind will surely be able to overcome the epidemic, grow and progress in the struggle against disasters, and be reborn from the ashes.

Ladies and gentlemen, friends!

History is always advancing, and the world cannot go back to the way it was before. Every choice we make and every action we take today will determine the future of the world. We must solve the four major issues facing this era.

First, strengthen macroeconomic policy coordination and jointly promote strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth of the world economy. Humanity is suffering the worst economic recession since the end of World War II. For the first time in history, all major economic sectors have been hit hard at the same time. The operation of global industrial and supply chains has been blocked, and trade and investment activities have continued to slump. Various countries have introduced trillions of dollars in economic relief measures, but the recovery momentum of the world economy is still very unstable, and there are great uncertainties in the outlook. We must grasp the present, coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic development, strengthen macroeconomic policy support, and push the world economy out of the shadow of the crisis as soon as possible. On the track of long-term healthy and stable development.

Second, abandon ideological prejudice and jointly walk the path of peaceful coexistence, mutual benefit and win-win results. No two leaves on the earth are identical, and no histories, cultures or social systems are the identical. The history, culture and social systems of each country have their own advantages and disadvantages. There is no distinction between good and bad. The key lies in whether it is in line with the national conditions of the country, whether it can win the support and support of the people, whether it can bring about political stability, social progress, and improvement of people's livelihood, and whether it can contribute to the cause of human progress. contribute. The differences in the histories, cultures and social systems among countries have existed since ancient times, and they are the inherent attributes of human civilization. Without diversity, there can be no human civilization. Diversity is an objective reality and will exist for a long time. Differences are not terrible, what is terrible is arrogance, prejudice, and hatred, what is terrible is trying to divide human civilization into different classes, and what is terrible is imposing one's own history, culture and social system on others. Countries should realize peaceful coexistence on the basis of mutual respect and seeking common ground while reserving differences, promote exchanges and mutual learning among countries, and inject impetus into the development and progress of human civilization.

Third, overcome the development gap between developed and developing countries and jointly promote the development and prosperity of all countries. At present, the issue of fairness is becoming increasingly prominent, the gap between the North and the South needs to be bridged, and the cause of sustainable development is facing severe challenges. Under the epidemic, the economic recovery performance of various countries is divided, and the development gap between the North and the South faces the risk of widening or even curing. Developing countries generally expect more development resources and space, and demand more representation and voice in global economic governance. It should be noted that when developing countries develop, the prosperity and stability of the entire world will have a more solid foundation, and developed countries will also benefit from it. The international community should take a long-term view and implement its commitments, provide necessary support for the development of developing countries, protect the legitimate development rights and interests of developing countries, promote equal rights, equal opportunities, and equal rules, so that people of all countries can share development opportunities and achievements.

Fourth, join hands to tackle global challenges and jointly create a better future for mankind. In the era of economic globalization, public health emergencies similar to the new crown pneumonia epidemic will never be the last, and global public health governance needs to be strengthened urgently. The earth is the only home on which human beings depend for survival. Increasing efforts to address climate change and promote sustainable development are related to the future and future of mankind. All global problems facing mankind cannot be solved by any country if it wants to go it alone. It must carry out global actions, global responses, and global cooperation.

Ladies and gentlemen, friends!

The problems in the world are complex, and the way to solve them is to maintain and practice multilateralism and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

——We must adhere to openness and inclusiveness, and not engage in closed and exclusive. The essence of multilateralism is that international affairs should be discussed and handled by all, and the future and destiny of the world are in the hands of all countries. Engaging in "small circles" and "new cold war" internationally, repelling, threatening, and intimidating others, and decoupling, cutting off confessions, and sanctions at every turn, artificially creating mutual isolation or even isolation, can only push the world into division or even confrontation. A divided world cannot cope with the common challenges facing mankind, and confrontation will lead mankind to a dead end. Humanity has paid a heavy price on this issue. Yin Jian is not far away, we must not take that old road again.

We must uphold the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, uphold the common values of peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy, and freedom for all mankind, get rid of ideological prejudice, maximize the openness and inclusiveness of cooperation mechanisms, concepts, and policies, and jointly safeguard the world. peace and stability. We must build an open world economy, resolutely safeguard the multilateral trading system, and refrain from discriminatory and exclusive standards, rules, and systems, and refrain from erecting high barriers to separate trade, investment, and technology. It is necessary to consolidate the position of the G20 as the main platform for global economic governance, closely coordinate macroeconomic policies, maintain the stability and smoothness of the global industrial chain and supply chain, maintain the stable operation of the global financial system, promote structural reforms, expand global aggregate demand, and promote the world economy. Achieve higher quality and more resilient development.

——We must insist on taking the international law as the basis and not engage in self-importance. The ancient Chinese said: "The rule of law is the root of governance." The international community should be governed according to the rules and consensus reached by all countries, rather than one or several countries issuing orders. The Charter of the United Nations is recognized as the basic norm of state-to-state relations. Without these universally recognized international laws formulated jointly by the international community, the world will eventually slip into the law of the jungle where the weak prey on the strong, bringing disastrous consequences to mankind.

We must strictly implement the international rule of law and unswervingly maintain the international system with the United Nations at its core and the international order based on international law. Multilateral institutions are a platform for practicing multilateralism and a basic framework for maintaining multilateralism. Their authority and effectiveness should be maintained. We must persist in coordinating and regulating relations among countries through systems and rules, and oppose bullying the weak. Whoever has big arms and big fists should not have the final say, nor should he practice unilateralism in the name of multilateralism. Principles must be adhered to. Once the rules are determined, everyone must effectively follow them. "Selective multilateralism" should not be our choice.

——We must persist in consultation and cooperation, and refrain from engaging in conflict and confrontation. Differences in the history, culture and social systems of various countries are not the cause of the conflict, but the strength of cooperation. We should respect and tolerate differences, not interfere in the internal affairs of other countries, and resolve differences through consultation and dialogue. History and reality have repeatedly told us that in today's world, if we take the wrong path of confrontation, whether it is a cold war, a hot war, a trade war, or a technological war, it will ultimately damage the interests of all countries and sacrifice the well-being of the people.

We must abandon the old concepts of the Cold War mentality and zero-sum game, adhere to mutual respect and mutual understanding, and enhance political mutual trust through strategic communication. We must abide by the concept of mutual benefit and win-win cooperation, reject the narrow policy of beggar-thy-neighbor and selfishness, abandon the one-sided approach of monopolizing development advantages, guarantee the equal development rights of all countries, and promote common development and prosperity. It is necessary to advocate competition on the basis of fairness and justice, and carry out track and field competitions in which you chase after each other and improve together, instead of engaging in mutual attack and life-and-death gladiatorial competitions.

——We must persist in advancing with the times and not be complacent. The world is undergoing major changes unseen in a century. It is not only an era of great development, but also an era of great change. Multilateralism in the 21st century must keep the truth and bring forth the new, and face the future. It must not only adhere to the core values and basic principles of multilateralism, but also base itself on changes in the world pattern, focus on the needs of responding to global challenges, and reform and improve on the basis of extensive consultation and consensus building. global governance system.

We must give full play to the role of the World Health Organization and build a community of health for mankind. It is necessary to promote the reform of the World Trade Organization and the international financial and monetary system, promote world economic growth, and protect the development rights and space of developing countries. It is necessary to uphold a people-centered and fact-based policy orientation, and discuss the formulation of global digital governance rules. We must implement the Paris Agreement on climate change and promote green development. We must adhere to the priority of development, implement the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and ensure that all countries, especially developing countries, share the benefits of global development.

Ladies and gentlemen, friends!

After a long period of hard work, the Chinese people are on the verge of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and have achieved historic results in poverty alleviation, embarking on a new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way. Based on the new development stage, we will implement the new development concept, actively build a new development pattern with the domestic cycle as the main body, and the domestic and international dual cycles to promote each other, and work with other countries to build lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness, inclusiveness, Clean and beautiful world.

——China will continue to actively participate in international anti-epidemic cooperation. Fighting the epidemic is the most urgent task facing the international community. This is because people and their lives must always be put before anything else. It is also what it takes to stabilize and revive the economy. We must deepen solidarity and cooperation, strengthen information sharing and joint prevention and control, and resolutely win the battle against the global epidemic. In particular, we need to strengthen cooperation in the R&D, production, and distribution of vaccines, so that vaccines can truly become public goods that are accessible and affordable to people of all countries. So far, China has provided anti-epidemic assistance to more than 150 countries and 13 international organizations, sent 36 medical expert teams to countries in need, and actively supported and participated in international vaccine cooperation. China will continue to share useful experience in epidemic prevention and control with other countries, provide assistance within its capacity to countries and regions that are weak in responding to the epidemic, promote the accessibility and affordability of vaccines in developing countries, and help the world overcome the epidemic at an early date.

——China will continue to implement a mutually beneficial and win-win opening-up strategy. Economic globalization is the objective requirement of the development of social productive forces and the inevitable result of technological progress. Taking advantage of the epidemic to engage in "de-globalization" and decoupling is not in the interests of any party. China has always supported economic globalization and firmly implemented the basic national policy of opening up. China will continue to promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, maintain smooth and stable global industrial and supply chains, and promote high-quality joint construction of the "Belt and Road". China will focus on promoting institutional opening up of rules, regulations, management, and standards, continue to create a market-oriented, legalized, and internationalized business environment, give full play to its huge market advantages and domestic demand potential, provide more opportunities for cooperation among countries, and contribute to the recovery of the world economy. and inject more impetus into growth.

——China will continue to promote sustainable development. China will fully implement the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. China will strengthen the construction of ecological civilization, speed up the adjustment and optimization of industrial structure and energy structure, and advocate a green and low-carbon production and lifestyle. I’ve already announced that China will strive to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060. To achieve this goal, China needs to make extremely arduous efforts. We believe that as long as it is beneficial to all mankind, China should be obliged to do it and do it well. China is drawing up action plans and taking specific measures already to ensure we achieve the set goals. In doing so, China is practicing multilateralism with practical actions and making contributions to protecting our common home and realizing sustainable development of mankind.

——China will continue to promote scientific and technological innovation. Scientific and technological innovation is an important engine for the development of human society, a powerful weapon to deal with many global challenges, and the only way for China to build a new development pattern and achieve high-quality development. China will increase investment in science and technology, pay close attention to the construction of an innovation system, accelerate the transformation of scientific and technological achievements into real productivity, strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights, and promote the realization of connotative growth driven by innovation. Scientific and technological achievements should benefit all mankind, and should not be used as a means to restrict or contain the development of other countries. China will promote international scientific and technological exchanges and cooperation with more open thinking and measures, and work with other countries to create an open, fair, just, and non-discriminatory environment for technological development and promote mutual benefit and sharing.

——China will continue to promote the building of a new type of international relations. You lose and I win, and the winner takes all is not the Chinese philosophy of life. China firmly pursues an independent foreign policy of peace, strives to bridge differences through dialogue and resolve disputes through negotiation, and actively develops friendly and cooperative relations with other countries on the basis of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit. As a staunch member of developing countries, China will continue to deepen South-South cooperation, and contribute to the efforts of developing countries to eradicate poverty, alleviate debt pressure, and achieve economic growth. China will participate more actively in global economic governance and promote economic globalization in a more open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced and win-win direction.

Ladies and gentlemen, friends!

There is only one earth for mankind, and only one common future for mankind. Whether it is to deal with the current crisis or to create a better future together, human beings need to help each other and cooperate in solidarity. Practice has repeatedly proved that any practice of beggar-thy-neighbor, any thinking of fighting alone, any arrogance of self-admiration, will eventually fail! Let us join hands, let the torch of multilateralism illuminate the way forward for mankind, and build the future of mankind. The community keeps moving forward!

  thank you all.

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